- 1926-1956 (Creation)
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Name of creator
Karl Wood (1888-1958) was born in King's Newton, Melbourne, Derbyshire. He later settled in Gainsborough, Lincolnshire where he was art master at Gainsborough grammar school. He had his own art studio and undertook private tuition in several subjects including painting, piano and singing lessons. Painting tuition resulted in sketching bicycle tours into Lincolnshire with his pupils. His first windmill painting was in 1926 and by 1956 he had completed 1394 windmill paintings. It was Karl Wood's intention to publish a book on British windmills to be called The Twilight of the mills, based on his extensive travels by bicycle, but this was never completed. Karl Wood's paintings are now housed in the Usher Art Gallery, Lincoln.
For further biographical information on Karl Wood, see 'Windmill Wood: A Biography of Midlands Artist Karl Salsbury Wood' by Tony Shaw: http://tonyshaw3.blogspot.co.uk/2007/10/preface-karl-salsbury-wood-is_29.html
Immediate source of acquisition or transfer
Scope and content
The dates written on each sketch, and used in the date field on this catalogue are the same as those given for the paintings in the check list - these are the dates of Karl Wood's visits to the mills. Notes written on some of these sketches, however, suggest that they were produced at a later time (see for example M112). This suggests that the sketches were copied from the paintings.
It is also noteworthy that where the check list lists two paintings of the same mill, there is only ever one sketch. When Wood painted a mill twice he used the same number, differentiating with a letter (e.g. M21a and M21b) in all such cases only one painting has been used as the basis for a sketch, although sometimes the number written on it still includes a letter (e.g. sketch M21a). M1171 and M1171a in this collection are different - they are two sketches based on the same painting, and are both labelled only M1171- the 'a' has been added to ID of the catalogue entry to differentiate the two.
Taking these facts into account it is possible that the sketches were intended for Karl Wood's book 'The Twilight of the Mills' which, according to the circular letter reproduced in the check list was to have included mainly black and white images.
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Name access points
- Wood, Karl Salsbury (1888-1958), artist (Creator)
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Dates of creation revision deletion
Wilson, Catherine, 'A Check List of Windmill Paintings by Karl Wood' (Lincolnshire County Council, 1982)
Shaw, Tony 'Windmill Wood: A Biography of Midlands Artist Karl Salsbury Wood' http://tonyshaw3.blogspot.co.uk/2007/10/preface-karl-salsbury-wood-is_29.html